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Exikat: M-00054-05-08-2014

Amanita virosa (Fr.) Bertill. 1866

Destroying Angel

Form

The cap and stalk

Size

5 - 15 cm

Stem

With shell and ring

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Deadly poisonous

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Agaricales
(4675)
Family: Amanitaceae
(126)
Genus: Amanita
(99)


Subgenus: Lepidella
(34)
Section: Volvatae
(6)
Subsection: Phalloideinae
(6)

Published in

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Amanita,Limacella & Torrendia - P. N.-S.P.
Fungi Europaei 9 - Amaniteae, 2004
591, 600
Anton Poler
Obvarujmo se strupenih gliv 1986
2
Anton Poler
Veselo po gobe 2002
88
Bojan Arzenšek, Bogdan Tratnik, Božo Malvrh
Naše gobe, 2002
177
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 1, 1994
3
Didier Borgarino, Christian Hurtado
LE GUIDE DES CHAMPIGNONS en 900 photos et fiches
308
Dušan Vrščaj
Glive od Triglava do Jadrana, 1990
295
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
239
Ettore Bielli
Gobe - SLO + DE, 2002
60
Ewald Gerhardt
Der grosse BLV Pilzführer für unterwegs, 2001
20
Gary H. Lincoff
Field guide to Mushrooms, 1981
551
Giuseppe Pace
Vse o gobah, 1979
50
Guide vert SOLAR
Les champignons de France, 1985
240
Guillaume Eyssartier, Pierre Roux
Le Guide des Champignons France et Europe
290
Hans E. Laux
Pilzführer, 2001
258
Helmut und Renate Grünert
Pilze Erkennen & bestimmen, 2001
98
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
383
J. M. Polese
Le Guide des Champignons de France, 1995
211
J.Breitenbach / F. Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 4, 1995
156
Jan Holec, Antonín Bielich, Miroslav Beran
PŘEHLED HUB STŘEDNÍ EVROPY 2012
352
Karlo Hafner
Svijet gljiva, 1997
137
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
226
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Velky atlas hub, 2005, 2010
251
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
298
Markus Flück
Welcher Pilz ist das?, 1995
272
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
223
Pierre Roux
Mille et un champignons 2006
946
Prof. dr. Jelena Vukojević, Ibrahim Hadžić
ATLAS GLJIVA i internacionalni rečnik narodnih imena gljiva
37
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
394, slika 186
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
854
Renate und Fridhelm Volk
Pilze, 1999
38
Riccardo Mazza
Funghi commestibili e velenosi a confronto, 2000
30, 38* str.95, 40, 42,
Roberto Galli
Le Amanite, 2001
198
Roger Phillips
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
21
Romano Božac
Gljive, 1995
6
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005
53
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
472
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
217
Umberto Nonis
500 Fungi D, 2001
14
Valentín Castańera Herrero, Alberto Pérez Puente, José Luis Alonso Alonso
SETAS Y HONGOS DE CANTABRIA, 2011
94
Zlata Stropnik, Bogdan Tratnik, G. Seljak
Naše gobje bogastvo, 1988
226
Details


Name: Destroying Angel
Scientific name: Amanita virosa (Fr.) Bertill. 1866
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 11.12.2015:
Agaricus virosus Fr. 1838
Amanita virosa f. virosa Bertill. 1866
Amanita virosa var. aculeata Voglino 1894
Amanita virosa var. levipes Neville & Poumarat 2004
Amanita virosa var. virosa Bertill. 1866
Amanitina virosa (Bertill.) E.-J. Gilbert 1941
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected

Detailed description


Cap: 4-7 cm across, first hemispherical, soon conic campanualte, with an obtuse umbo, smooth, viscid lubricous and white if wet, if dry silky, sometimes also little pale cream, also with yellowish tones if old, margin is acute, inrolled for a long time, sometimes hung with veil remnants.
Hymenophore: lamellae are white with cream tinge, broad, free, edges are floccose.
Spore print: white
Spore: subglobose to broadly elliptic, (7)7,9-9,5(11,3) x (6,7)7,3-9,1(9,7) μm
Stem: 7-13 x 0,8-1,7 cm, cylindric, base is clavate bulbous, stem is solid to pithy hollow, longitudinally white fibrillose to almost fibrillose squarrose on a white background, apex is with a white to yellowish, pendent, membranous, often torn annulus, basal bulb is with appressed, membranous white volva.
Flesh: white, thick in center, thin toward the margin, odor is unpleasant sharp, taste is mild.
Habitat: solitary or grouped in coniferous forests, also in hardwood forests, on moist, acidic, basic nutrient poor soils, grows from summer to fall.
Edibility: deadly poisonous
Remarks: similar with Leucoagaricus leucothites, which grows in gardens and meadows.

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