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The cap and stalk

Size

Over 15 cm

Stem

With ring and overgrown shell

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Conditionally edible

Exikat:

Amanita strobiliformis (Paulet ex Vittad.) Bertill. 1866

European Pine Cone Lepidella

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Agaricales
(4675)
Family: Amanitaceae
(126)
Genus: Amanita
(99)


Subgenus: Lepidella
(34)
Section: Roanokenses
(4)
Subsection: Solitariae
(3)

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Amanita,Limacella & Torrendia - P. N.-S.P.
Fungi Europaei 9 - Amaniteae, 2004
501
Andrej Piltaver
Zavarovane glive v Sloveniji, 1997
46
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 1, 1994
11
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 4, 1983
1265
Didier Borgarino, Christian Hurtado
LE GUIDE DES CHAMPIGNONS en 900 photos et fiches
310
Dušan Vrščaj
Glive od Triglava do Jadrana, 1990
293
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
240
Ewald Gerhardt
Der grosse BLV Pilzführer für unterwegs, 2001
20
Giuseppe Pace
Vse o gobah, 1979
42
Guide vert SOLAR
Les champignons de France, 1985
242
Hans E. Laux
Pilzführer, 2001
262
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
384
Ivan in Zora Kavčič
Raziskovanje gliv Posočja, 2011
72
J. M. Polese
Le Guide des Champignons de France, 1995
209
J.Breitenbach / F. Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 4, 1995
154
Jan Holec, Antonín Bielich, Miroslav Beran
PŘEHLED HUB STŘEDNÍ EVROPY 2012
358
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
230
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Velky atlas hub, 2005, 2010
253
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
298
Markus Flück
Welcher Pilz ist das?, 1995
280
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
225
Paul Sterry
Naturführer kompakt - Pilze, 1995
91
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
389, slika 188
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
843
Riccardo Mazza
Funghi commestibili e velenosi a confronto, 2000
45
Roberto Galli
Le Amanite, 2001
162
Roger Phillips
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
21
Romano Božac
Gljive, 1995
11
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005
66
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
479
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
217
Valentín Castańera Herrero, Alberto Pérez Puente, José Luis Alonso Alonso
SETAS Y HONGOS DE CANTABRIA, 2011
90
Zlata Stropnik, Bogdan Tratnik, G. Seljak
Naše gobje bogastvo, 1988
233
Details


Name: European Pine Cone Lepidella
Scientific name: Amanita strobiliformis (Paulet ex Vittad.) Bertill. 1866
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 11.12.2015:
Agaricus strobiliformis Paulet ex Vittad. 1832
Amanita solitaria f. strobiliformis (Paulet ex Vittad.) Cetto 1983
Amanita solitaria var. strobiliformis (Paulet ex Vittad.) Costantin & L.M. Dufour 1891
Amanita strobiliformis subf. boudieroides Neville & Poumarat 1996
Amanita strobiliformis subf. strobiliformis (Paulet ex Vittad.) Bertill. 1866
Amanita strobiliformis var. brunneogrisea Neville & Poumarat 2005
Amanita strobiliformis var. strobiliformis (Paulet ex Vittad.) Bertill. 1866
Armillaria strobiliformis (Paulet ex Vittad.) Locq. 1952
Hypophyllum strobiliforme (Paulet ex Vittad.) Paulet 1812
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is protected
Trees: Betula (Birch)d0d0d0 , Castanea (Chestnut)d1d1 , Fagus (Beech)d2d2d2d2d2 , Pinus (Pine) , Quercus (Oak)d4d4 , Quercus ilex (Holm oak ) , Quercus pubescens (Downy Oak)

Detailed description


Cap: 10-22 cm across, first hemispherical, soon convex to plane, center is sometimes indented, whitish to gray whitish, covered with irregular, concolorous or darker, appressed, soft and delicate veil remnants, margin is acute, ususally hung with whitish, cream like veil remnants.
Hymenophore: lamellae are white to creamy, broad, adnexed to free, edges are smooth to finely floccose.
Spore print: white
Spore: broadly elliptic, 10,2-12,3 x 7,4-8,8 μm
Stem: 12-20 x 2-3,5 cm, cylindric, sometimes thicker toward the base, usually with a distinct zoned marginate bulb, solid, firm, entire surface covered with white to creamy colored, soft, fibrillose scales which stick to the finger, sometimes if young with a white, very transitory annulus which is striate on the upper surface.
Flesh: white, delicate, thick, odor is faint, pleasant, taste is mild, pleasant, little raphanoid.
Habitat: solitary to gregarious in fllodplain forests, hardwood forests or mixed hardwood conifer forests, in parks on moist base rich soils, grows in summer only rare also in fall.
Edibility: edible only if cooked
Remarks: similar with Amanita echinocephala, which doesnt has cream soft white scraps on the veil which is hanging from the margin.

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