The cap and stalk
5 - 15 cm
With shell and ring
white, whitish, cream
Name: Death Cap
Scientific name: Amanita phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link 1833
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 11.12.2015:
Agaricus phalloides Bull. 1792
Agaricus phalloides Vaill. ex Fr. 1821
Amanita phalloides Secr. 1833
Amanita phalloides f. citrina J.E. Lange
Amanita phalloides f. dunensis R. Heim 1963
Amanita phalloides f. phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link 1833
Amanita phalloides f. umbrina Ferry 1911
Amanita phalloides var. alba Costantin & L.M. Dufour 1895
Amanita phalloides var. euphalloides Maire 1937
Amanita phalloides var. larroquei F. Massart & Beauvais 1975
Amanita phalloides var. larroquei F. Massart & Beauvais ex F. Massart 2004
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Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Carpinus (Hornbeam) , Fagus (Beech) , Quercus (Oak)
Cap: 5-12 cm across, first ovoid and young wraped in Volva, later torned and conic to convex, also flattened or bent, silky shiny surface, if dry satin shiny, if wet sticky and radially fibrillose, olive green, brown green to yellowish, with no or only rare whitish scales, center is darker, margin is sharp and smooth.
Hymenophore: lamellae are first white, later yellow, free and broad.
Spore print: white
Spore: subglobose to broadly elliptic, smooth, 7,8-10,8 x 6,7-8,3 μm
Stem: 8-17 x 1-2 cm, cylindrical, base bulbous, young full, old hollow, elastic, whitish ground with brownish or greenish bands, mostly in the base, with a hanging whitish membranous ring, upper ring surface is grooved, base is with a whitish, membranous sac-like Volva, this Volva can be hidden by leaf litter.
Flesh: whitish, under the cup skin yellowish, middle is dick, against it thin, odor sweetish, old unplesant, taste mild and nutty.
Habitat: solitary or grouped in leaf (oak, beech, hornbeam), rarely in conifer woods, grows from summer to fall.
Edibility: deadly poisonous
Remarks: similar with some Russula and Tricholoma, only Death cap has whitish Lamellae, with whitish ring and bulbous base.