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Exikat:

Agaricus xanthodermus var. lepiotoides Maire 1910

Form

The cap and stalk

Size

5 - 15 cm

Stem

With ring

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

purple brown

Edibility

Poisonous

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Agaricales
(4675)
Family: Agaricaceae
(388)
Genus: Agaricus
(67)


Subgenus: Flavescens
(37)
Section: Xanthodermatei
(12)
Subsection: Xanthoderma
(7)

Published in

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
A. Cappelli
Fungi Europaei 1 - Agaricus L.:Fr.(Psalliota), 1984
41, 63, 87, 322, 506, 552
J.Breitenbach / F. Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 4, 1995
182
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
754*
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005
152
Zlatko Ivec
eBook: Gobe 9, Pilze 9, Mushrooms 9, 2013
6
Details


Scientific name: Agaricus xanthodermus var. lepiotoides Maire 1910
Synonyms: Index Fungorum 06.12.2015:
Agaricus xanthodermus Genev. 1876
Habit of Growth: Saprotroph
Protection: Mushroom is not protected

Detailed description


Cap: 6-10 cm across, young hemispherical and in cross section trapezoidal, later convex to widespread, first gray brown fine scaly, soon tearing into large, linen-engine scales or floes, between that is visible whitish cup flesh, margin is long down bent, acute.
Hymenophore: lamellae are first whitish, then pink to purple brown, old black brown, narrow, free, on the stem partly forked.
Spore print: dark purple brown
Spore: elliptic, honey brown, thick walled, (4,5)5,5-6,8(7,8) x (3,3)3,6-4,4(5) μm
Stem: 6-8 x 1-1,5 cm, cylindric, over the ring smooth, young whitish, old gray brown, longitudinally fibered to smooth, ring is whitish, membranous, hanging, under side is finely flaky, outside of base and stem flesh is yellowish, whole mushroom is under pressure yellowish, first full, later hollow.
Flesh: whitish, if cut rapidly chrome yellow, thick, odor is like carbole or like ink, taste is mild, carbolelike.
Habitat: solitary to gregarious in hardwood forests, gardens and parks, grows from summer to fall.
Edibility: poisonous
Remarks: this variety is different from other xanthoderma through rough teared floes cup surface. Basidia with (1-2) 4 sterigmata.

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