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Agaricus xanthodermus var. lepiotoides Maire 1910


The cap and stalk


5 - 15 cm


With ring



Spore print

purple brown




Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae

Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Agaricus

Subgenus: Flavescens
Section: Xanthodermatei
Subsection: Xanthoderma

Published in

A. Cappelli
Fungi Europaei 1 - Agaricus L.:Fr.(Psalliota), 1984
41, 63, 87, 322, 506, 552
J.Breitenbach / F. Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 4, 1995
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005
Zlatko Ivec
eBook: Gobe 9, Pilze 9, Mushrooms 9, 2013

Scientific name: Agaricus xanthodermus var. lepiotoides Maire 1910
Synonyms: Index Fungorum 06.12.2015:
Agaricus xanthodermus Genev. 1876
Habit of Growth: Saprotroph
Protection: Mushroom is not protected

Detailed description

Cap: 6-10 cm across, young hemispherical and in cross section trapezoidal, later convex to widespread, first gray brown fine scaly, soon tearing into large, linen-engine scales or floes, between that is visible whitish cup flesh, margin is long down bent, acute.
Hymenophore: lamellae are first whitish, then pink to purple brown, old black brown, narrow, free, on the stem partly forked.
Spore print: dark purple brown
Spore: elliptic, honey brown, thick walled, (4,5)5,5-6,8(7,8) x (3,3)3,6-4,4(5) μm
Stem: 6-8 x 1-1,5 cm, cylindric, over the ring smooth, young whitish, old gray brown, longitudinally fibered to smooth, ring is whitish, membranous, hanging, under side is finely flaky, outside of base and stem flesh is yellowish, whole mushroom is under pressure yellowish, first full, later hollow.
Flesh: whitish, if cut rapidly chrome yellow, thick, odor is like carbole or like ink, taste is mild, carbolelike.
Habitat: solitary to gregarious in hardwood forests, gardens and parks, grows from summer to fall.
Edibility: poisonous
Remarks: this variety is different from other xanthoderma through rough teared floes cup surface. Basidia with (1-2) 4 sterigmata.

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