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The cap and stalk


5 - 15 cm


With ring



Spore print

purple brown




Agaricus excellens (F.H. Møller) F.H. Møller 1952


Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae

Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Agaricus

Subgenus: Flavescens
Section: Arvenses
Subsection: Macrosporus

A. Cappelli
Fungi Europaei 1 - Agaricus L.:Fr.(Psalliota), 1984
40, 55, 80, 258, 462, 544
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 7, 1993
J.Breitenbach / F. Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 4, 1995
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
Roger Phillips
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
Umberto Nonis
500 Fungi D, 2001

Scientific name: Agaricus excellens (F.H. Møller) F.H. Møller 1952
Synonyms: Index Fungorum 06.12.2015:
Agaricus urinascens (Jul. Schäff. & F.H. Møller) Singer 1951
Habit of Growth: Saprotroph
Protection: Mushroom is not protected

Detailed description

Cap: 10-18 cm across, first hemispherical, later convex to plane, center is umbonate or indented, concentricall squamulose, first are squamules white, later brownish on a white background, sometimes also with yellow tones, margin is incurved for a long time, hung with white veil remnants if young.
Hymenophore: lamella are first plane, later pink to chocolate brown, broad, free, edges are smooth and little undulating.
Spore print: dark purple brown
Spore: elliptic, 8,5-11,5 x 5,1-6,6 μm
Stem: 10-15 x 2,5-4 cm, across, cylindric, sometimes enlarged toward the base, solid, surface above the the annulus smooth, below it white floccose squamulose, annulus is thick membranous, white, pendent, underside is squamose, margin is sometimes cogwhell like, flesh in base is sometimes reddening.
Flesh: white, only little discoloring red, in center thick, toward the margin thin, odor is pleasant, anise like, taste is mild, nutty.
Habitat: solitary to gregarious in hardwood and coniferous forests, among needle and leaf litter, rarely among grass, grows from summer to fall.
Edibility: edible
Remarks: similar with Agaricus macrosporus, which stem is shorter, and with Agaricus stramineus, which is sulfur yellow and stained.

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