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The cap and stalk

Size

5 - 15 cm

Stem

With ring

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

purple brown

Edibility

Edible

Exikat:

Agaricus excellens (F.H. Møller) F.H. Møller 1952

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Agaricales
(4675)
Family: Agaricaceae
(388)
Genus: Agaricus
(67)


Subgenus: Flavescens
(37)
Section: Arvenses
(18)
Subsection: Macrosporus
(3)

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
A. Cappelli
Fungi Europaei 1 - Agaricus L.:Fr.(Psalliota), 1984
40, 55, 80, 258, 462, 544
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 7, 1993
2616
J.Breitenbach / F. Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 4, 1995
168
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
241
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
232
Roger Phillips
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
167
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005
148
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
231
Umberto Nonis
500 Fungi D, 2001
64
Details


Scientific name: Agaricus excellens (F.H. Møller) F.H. Møller 1952
Synonyms: Index Fungorum 06.12.2015:
Agaricus urinascens (Jul. Schäff. & F.H. Møller) Singer 1951
Habit of Growth: Saprotroph
Protection: Mushroom is not protected

Detailed description


Cap: 10-18 cm across, first hemispherical, later convex to plane, center is umbonate or indented, concentricall squamulose, first are squamules white, later brownish on a white background, sometimes also with yellow tones, margin is incurved for a long time, hung with white veil remnants if young.
Hymenophore: lamella are first plane, later pink to chocolate brown, broad, free, edges are smooth and little undulating.
Spore print: dark purple brown
Spore: elliptic, 8,5-11,5 x 5,1-6,6 μm
Stem: 10-15 x 2,5-4 cm, across, cylindric, sometimes enlarged toward the base, solid, surface above the the annulus smooth, below it white floccose squamulose, annulus is thick membranous, white, pendent, underside is squamose, margin is sometimes cogwhell like, flesh in base is sometimes reddening.
Flesh: white, only little discoloring red, in center thick, toward the margin thin, odor is pleasant, anise like, taste is mild, nutty.
Habitat: solitary to gregarious in hardwood and coniferous forests, among needle and leaf litter, rarely among grass, grows from summer to fall.
Edibility: edible
Remarks: similar with Agaricus macrosporus, which stem is shorter, and with Agaricus stramineus, which is sulfur yellow and stained.

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