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Exikat:

Agaricus bernardii Quél. 1878

Salty Mushroom

Form

The cap and stalk

Size

5 - 15 cm

Stem

With ring

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

purple brown

Edibility

Inedible

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Agaricales
(4675)
Family: Agaricaceae
(388)
Genus: Agaricus
(67)


Subgenus: Rubescentes
(27)
Section: Bitorques
(6)
Subsection: Bitorquis
(3)

Published in

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
A. Cappelli
Fungi Europaei 1 - Agaricus L.:Fr.(Psalliota), 1984
38, 42, 43, 67, 68, 97, 99, 101, 102, 370, 372, 541, 547
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 3, 1979
882
Giuseppe Pace
Pilze Enzyklopädie, Gljive enciklopedija, 1998
239
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
604
internet
British Mycological Society
Ivan Focht
Ključ za gljive, 1996
2
J.Breitenbach / F. Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 4, 1995
172
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
233
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Velky atlas hub, 2005, 2010
255
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
274
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
227
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
370
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
728, 729
Roger Phillips
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
160
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005
162
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
226
Valentín Castańera Herrero, Alberto Pérez Puente, José Luis Alonso Alonso
SETAS Y HONGOS DE CANTABRIA, 2011
21
Zlatko Ivec
eBook: Gobe 2, Pilze 2, Mushrooms 2, 2012
6
Details


Name: Salty Mushroom
Scientific name: Agaricus bernardii Quél. 1878
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 06.12.2015:
Agaricus campestris subsp. bernardii (Quél.) Konrad & Maubl. 1937
Agaricus ingratus (F.H. Møller) Pilát 1951
Agaricus maleolens F.H. Møller 1952
Fungus bernardii (Quél.) Kuntze 1898
Pratella bernardii (Quél.) Quél. 1888
Psalliota bernardii (Quél.) Quél. 1879
Psalliota ingrata F.H. Møller 1950
Habit of Growth: Saprotroph
Protection: Mushroom is not protected

Detailed description


Cap: 6-10 cm across, hemispherical when young, later convex to plane, surface when young almost smooth, pale gray-brownish, later developing appressed, brownish, fibrillose scales on a paler background, paler to whitish toward the margin, margin incurved for a long time, smooth sometimes hung with veil remnants.
Hymenophore: lamellae are smooth, thick walled, honey brown.
Spore print: black brown
Spore: elliptical, 5-6,9 x 4,3-5,3 μm
Stem: 5-7 x 1,5-3 cm, cylindrical, tapered toward the base or slightly bulbous, solid when young, hollow when old, surface above the annulus with fine white longitudinal fibrils and with a reddish tinge, surface below girdled with multiple, fine whitish zones on a witish to gray pink background, membranous, white, upper surface squamose striate, lower surface smooth.
Flesh: white, turning reddish when cut, thick, odor unpleasantly fishy, unpleasant mild taste.
Habitat: solitary to gregarious or grouped in and outside forests, under hardwoods and conifers, on soil or on needle or leaf litter, grows from late spring to fall.
Edibility: inedible

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