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Exikat: M-00078-19-10-2014

Amanita echinocephala (Vittad.) Quél. 1872

Solitary Amanita

Form

The cap and stalk

Size

5 - 15 cm

Stem

With ring

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Deadly poisonous

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Agaricales
(4675)
Family: Amanitaceae
(126)
Genus: Amanita
(99)


Subgenus: Lepidella
(34)
Section: Validae
(9)
Subsection: Validae
(9)

Published in

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Amanita,Limacella & Torrendia - P. N.-S.P.
Fungi Europaei 9 - Amaniteae, 2004
477, 485, 705
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 1, 1994
15
Didier Borgarino, Christian Hurtado
LE GUIDE DES CHAMPIGNONS en 900 photos et fiches
310
Dušan Vrščaj
Glive od Triglava do Jadrana, 1990
291
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
240
Ettore Bielli
Gobe - SLO + DE, 2002
47
Ettore Bielli
Gobe - SLO + DE, 2002
56
Giuseppe Pace
Vse o gobah, 1979
41
Guillaume Eyssartier, Pierre Roux
Le Guide des Champignons France et Europe
290
Hans E. Laux
Pilzführer, 2001
262
Ivan in Zora Kavčič
Raziskovanje gliv Posočja, 2011
69
J.Breitenbach / F. Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 4, 1995
154
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
230
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
298
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
225
Pierre Roux
Mille et un champignons 2006
942
Prof. dr. Jelena Vukojević, Ibrahim Hadžić
ATLAS GLJIVA i internacionalni rečnik narodnih imena gljiva
29
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
390, slika 187
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
844
Roberto Galli
Le Amanite, 2001
166
Roger Phillips
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
21
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005
54
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
480
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
217
Umberto Nonis
500 Fungi D, 2001
12
Zlata Stropnik, Bogdan Tratnik, G. Seljak
Naše gobje bogastvo, 1988
234
Details


Name: Solitary Amanita
Scientific name: Amanita echinocephala (Vittad.) Quél. 1872
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 10.12.2015:
Agaricus echinocephalus Vittad. 1835
Amanita aculeata (Quél.) Bigeard & H. Guill. 1909
Amanita echinocephala subf. bicollariata (Boud.) Neville & Poumarat 2004
Amanita echinocephala subf. echinocephala (Vittad.) Quél. 1872
Amanita echinocephala var. bicollariata Boud. 1906
Amanita echinocephala var. echinocephala (Vittad.) Quél. 1872
Amanita echinocephala var. subbeillei (Neville & Poumarat) Traverso 1999
Amanita solitaria var. subbeillei Neville & Poumarat 1996
Amanita strobiliformis var. aculeata Quél. 1886
Amanita umbella var. echinocephala (Vittad.) Quél. 1886
Amanita vittadinii var. echinocephala (Vittad.) Veselý 1934
Show all ...
 

Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected

Detailed description


Cap: 7-13 cm across, first spherical, then convex to plane, white to dingy white, gray white to brownish white, center is usually darker, sometimes also with a greenish tinge, if wet lubricous, densely covered primarly if young with concolorous, pyramidal warts which may be nearly absent in old cups and after rainy periods, cuticle is peelable, margin is projecting beyond the lamellae, smooth.
Hymenophore: lamellae are whitish with a green tint, old turning yellow, broad, adnexed to almost free, edges are ciliate.
Spore print: fresh greenish, dry deep cream
Spore: broadly elliptic, 8,4-11,3 x 6,4-8,2 μm
Stem: 7-13 x 1-2,5 cm, cylindric, often increasing in thickness toward the base and sometimes with a bulb, base is fusiform rooting, stem is solid, whitish with a greenish tinge, somewhat browning if bruised, above the annulus smooth, below it fibrillose tomentose and with girdlelike zones on the base, annulus membranous, striate on the upper surface.
Flesh: whitish, sometimes with a greenish tinge, especially in the stem, thin, odor is unpleasant medicinal like, taste is mild, insipid.
Habitat: solitary to few together in hardwood forests, floodplain forests, on moist, nutrient rich soils, neutral to basic soils, grows from summer to fall.
Edibility: poisonous
Remarks: similar with Amanita strobiliformis and Amanita vittadini, which have floccose aerolate veil remnants on the cup.

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