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The cap and stalk


5 - 15 cm


Simple stem



Spore print





Hebeloma birrus (Fr.) Sacc. 1887


Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae

Order: Agaricales
Family: Hymenogastraceae
Genus: Hebeloma

Subgenus: Hebeloma
Section: Scabrispora

Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 5, 1987
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
374, 376, 377, 382
Guillaume Eyssartier, Pierre Roux
Le Guide des Champignons France et Europe
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
Henry J. Beker, Ursula Eberhardt, Jan Vesterholt
Fungi Europaei 14 - Hebeloma (Fr.) P. Kumm., 2016
78, 432, 447, 463, 1065, 1085, 1106
J.Breitenbach / F. Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 5, 2000
Jan Vesterholt
The genus HEBELOMA 2005
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005
236, 242
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996

Scientific name: Hebeloma birrus (Fr.) Sacc. 1887
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 01.06.2016:
Agaricus birrus Fr. 1838
Hebeloma birrus var. birrus (Fr.) Sacc. 1887
Hebeloma birrus var. odoratulum Bohus 1991
Hebeloma danicum Gröger 1987
Hebeloma pumilum J.E. Lange 1940
Hylophila birra (Fr.) Quél. 1886
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Abies (Fir) , Alnus (Alder) , Betula (Birch)d2d2d2 , Castanea (Chestnut)d3d3 , Fagus (Beech)d4d4d4d4d4 , Picea (Spruce)d5d5d5 , Pinus (Pine) , Quercus (Oak)d7d7 , Salix (Willow)d8d8

Detailed description

Cap: 1-7,5 cm across, convex to expanded, with or without low broad umbo, smooth or rugose, viscid, hygrophanous, dark brick, clay buff, yellowish brown, light gray yellow colors, in center darker, against margin paler to whitish, marginal zone is with or without veil remnants, margin is sometimes finely pubescent.
Hymenophore: lamellae are clay buff, narrow to medium broad, emarginate to narrow attached, crowded, margin is whitish, without droplets.
Spore print: brown
Spore: amygdaliform, 7-14 x 4,7-8,2 μm
Stem: 2,5-8,5 x 0,3-1,4 cm, cylindric, toward the base widened, rooting, pruinose to floccose, whitish, below discoloring to brown, rooting part is long up to 12 cm.
Flesh: whitish, sometimes in stem brownish, elastic, often watery and hygrophanous, odor is weak and pleasant, sometimes like cocoa or soap, never raphanoid, taste is sometimes later bitter.
Habitat: usually gregarious in hardwood and coniferous forests, on old burned places, on nutrient rich soil, grows from summer to fall.
Edibility: inedible

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