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Exikat:

Lactarius lignyotus Fr. 1857

Velvet Milkcap

Form

With milk

Size

5 - 15 cm

Stem

Simple stem

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Edible

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Russulales
(808)
Family: Russulaceae
(643)
Genus: Lactarius
(196)


Subgenus: Plinthogalus
(14)
Section: Plinthogali
(14)

Published in

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Anton Poler
Veselo po gobe 2002
217
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 2, 1996
627
Didier Borgarino, Christian Hurtado
LE GUIDE DES CHAMPIGNONS en 900 photos et fiches
202
Edmund Garnweidner
Gljive - Džepni gljivački vodič, 1996
286
Edmund Garnweidner
Pilze, 1985
286
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
491
Ettore Bielli
Gobe - SLO + DE, 2002
129
Ewald Gerhardt
Der grosse BLV Pilzführer für unterwegs, 2001
406
Ewald Gerhardt, Jordi Vila, Xavier Llimona
Hongos de Espana y de Europa, 2000
805
Fred Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 6, 2005
76
Guide vert SOLAR
Les champignons de France, 1985
367
Guillaume Eyssartier, Pierre Roux
Le Guide des Champignons France et Europe
120
Guillaume Eyssartier, Pierre Roux
L'Indispensable guide du cueilleur de champignons
94
Hans E. Laux
Pilzführer, 2001
428
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
126
Jan Holec, Antonín Bielich, Miroslav Beran
PŘEHLED HUB STŘEDNÍ EVROPY 2012
284
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
325
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Velky atlas hub, 2005, 2010
345
M.T. Basso
Fungi Europaei 7 - Lactarius Persoon, 1999
61, 657, 799
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
96
Markus Flück
Welcher Pilz ist das?, 1995
191
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
450
Pierre Roux
Mille et un champignons 2006
158
Prof. dr. Jelena Vukojević, Ibrahim Hadžić
ATLAS GLJIVA i internacionalni rečnik narodnih imena gljiva
185
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
781, slika 226
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
1605
Renate und Fridhelm Volk
Pilze, 1999
45
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 2, 2008
98
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
945
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
407
Zlata Stropnik, Bogdan Tratnik, G. Seljak
Naše gobje bogastvo, 1988
392
Zlatko Ivec
eBook: Gobe 1, Pilze 1, Mushrooms 1, 2012
80
Details


Name: Velvet Milkcap
Scientific name: Lactarius lignyotus Fr. 1857
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 19.06.2015:
Lactariella lignyota (Fr.) J. Schröt. 1889
Lactarius lignyotus f. gracilis Bres. 1929
Lactarius lignyotus f. lignyotus Fr. 1857
Lactarius lignyotus var. americanus A.H. Sm. & Hesler 1962
Lactarius lignyotus var. canadensis A.H. Sm. & Hesler 1962
Lactarius lignyotus var. hirtellus A.H. Sm. & Hesler 1962
Lactarius lignyotus var. insignis A.H. Sm. & Hesler 1962
Lactarius lignyotus var. lignyotus Fr. 1857
Lactarius lignyotus var. parvulus A.H. Sm. & Hesler 1962
Lactarius lignyotus var. tenuipes Peck 1885
Lactifluus lignyotus (Fr.) Kuntze 1891
Show all ...
 

Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Picea (Spruce)d0d0d0

Detailed description


Cap: 2-8 cm across, convex with a small point in the middle, becoming flat or shallowly depressed, with the central point remaining or disappearing, dry, finely velvety, often with a rugged or wrinkled surface, nearly black when young, dark brown to brown in age.
Hymenophore: first are lamellae white, later pale yellow ocher, attached to the stem or beginning to run down it, usually staining slowly reddish when touched.
Spore print: cream
Spore: globose to subglobose, 8,4-10,8 X 8-10,7 μm
Stem: 5-9 x 0,4-1,5 cm, more or less equal, dry, textured and colored like the cap, except for a whitish base, often with small ribs at the apex.
Flesh: white, usually changing slowly to pinkish on air, odor not distinguished, taste rarely bitterish. Milk white, later pink.
Habitat: in old spruce forests on acid soils, in upland sites, grows from summer to fall.
Edibility: edible

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