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With milk

Size

5 - 15 cm

Stem

Simple stem

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Inedible

Exikat:

Lactarius violascens (J. Otto) Fr. 1838

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Russulales
(808)
Family: Russulaceae
(643)
Genus: Lactarius
(196)


Subgenus: Piperites
(78)
Section: Uvidi
(13)
Subsection: Uvidini
(7)

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Didier Borgarino, Christian Hurtado
LE GUIDE DES CHAMPIGNONS en 900 photos et fiches
192
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
492
Fred Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 6, 2005
120
Giuseppe Pace
Vse o gobah, 1979
201
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
124
M.T. Basso
Fungi Europaei 7 - Lactarius Persoon, 1999
59, 215, 816
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
452
Prof. dr. Jelena Vukojević, Ibrahim Hadžić
ATLAS GLJIVA i internacionalni rečnik narodnih imena gljiva
192
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
784
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
1564
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 2, 2008
78
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
956
Valentín Castańera Herrero, Alberto Pérez Puente, José Luis Alonso Alonso
SETAS Y HONGOS DE CANTABRIA, 2011
351
Details


Scientific name: Lactarius violascens (J. Otto) Fr. 1838
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 19.06.2015:
Agaricus violascens J. Otto 1816
Galorrheus violascens (J. Otto) P. Kumm. 1871
Lactarius uvidus var. violascens (J. Otto) Quél. 1888
Lactifluus uvidus (Fr.) Kuntze 1891
Lactifluus violascens (J. Otto) Kuntze 1891
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected

Detailed description


Cap: 6-12 cm across, young flatconvex, later flattened and dented in the center, old unfundibuliform, smooth surface, in dry dull, in wet slightly shiny and little greasy, but not slimy, first beige brown with purple tint, later red brown, violet brown and darker zoned, margin long incurved, smooth and sharp.
Hymenophore: first creamy, later light ocher brown, if injured purple violet stained, broad adnate, decurrent, mostly forked.
Spore print: cream
Spore: elliptic, 7,7-10,5 x 6,2-8,1 μm, ornament, with some warts and ribs, which are only partly net-like connected.
Stem: 4-10 x 1-2 cm, cylindrical, base often tapering, first full, later hollow, smooth surface, first light cream, later yellow stained, especially on the base, if injured purple violet.
Flesh: white, after few minutes dark purple violet, odor fruity, taste bitter. Milk: white, unchangeable without flesh contact, bitter.
Habitat: usually gregarious in hardwood and mixed forests, at beech, oak and hornbeam. Not often. Summer-fall.
Edibility: inedible
Remarks: similar with Lactarius luridus, which flesh is if cut purple to violet and with Lactarius flavidus, which cup is cream yellow, and milk is without flesh contact violet.

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