ATLAS GLJIVA i internacionalni rečnik narodnih imena gljiva
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 2, 2008
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
Valentín Castańera Herrero, Alberto Pérez Puente, José Luis Alonso Alonso
SETAS Y HONGOS DE CANTABRIA, 2011
Scientific name:Lactarius violascens (J. Otto) Fr. 1838 Synonyms:Species Fungorum 19.06.2015: Agaricus violascens J. Otto 1816 Galorrheus violascens (J. Otto) P. Kumm. 1871 Lactarius uvidus var. violascens (J. Otto) Quél. 1888 Lactifluus uvidus (Fr.) Kuntze 1891 Lactifluus violascens (J. Otto) Kuntze 1891 Habit of Growth:
Mushroom is not protected
Cap: 6-12 cm across, young flatconvex, later flattened and dented in the center, old unfundibuliform, smooth surface, in dry dull, in wet slightly shiny and little greasy, but not slimy, first beige brown with purple tint, later red brown, violet brown and darker zoned, margin long incurved, smooth and sharp.
Hymenophore: first creamy, later light ocher brown, if injured purple violet stained, broad adnate, decurrent, mostly forked.
Spore print: cream
Spore: elliptic, 7,7-10,5 x 6,2-8,1 μm, ornament, with some warts and ribs, which are only partly net-like connected.
Stem: 4-10 x 1-2 cm, cylindrical, base often tapering, first full, later hollow, smooth surface, first light cream, later yellow stained, especially on the base, if injured purple violet.
Flesh: white, after few minutes dark purple violet, odor fruity, taste bitter. Milk: white, unchangeable without flesh contact, bitter.
Habitat: usually gregarious in hardwood and mixed forests, at beech, oak and hornbeam. Not often. Summer-fall.
Remarks: similar with Lactarius luridus, which flesh is if cut purple to violet and with Lactarius flavidus, which cup is cream yellow, and milk is without flesh contact violet.