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Exikat: S-00044-20-02-2014

Lactarius tabidus Fr. 1838

Birch Milkcap

Form

With milk

Size

Less than 5 cm

Stem

Simple stem

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Inedible

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Russulales
(808)
Family: Russulaceae
(643)
Genus: Lactarius
(196)


Subgenus: Rhysocybella
(12)
Section: Rhysocybella
(6)

Published in

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 3, 1979
1058
Didier Borgarino, Christian Hurtado
LE GUIDE DES CHAMPIGNONS en 900 photos et fiches
198
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
502
Ewald Gerhardt
Der grosse BLV Pilzführer für unterwegs, 2001
430
Fred Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 6, 2005
112
Guillaume Eyssartier, Pierre Roux
Le Guide des Champignons France et Europe
146
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
141
Jan Holec, Antonín Bielich, Miroslav Beran
PŘEHLED HUB STŘEDNÍ EVROPY 2012
298
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Velky atlas hub, 2005, 2010
351
M.T. Basso
Fungi Europaei 7 - Lactarius Persoon, 1999
61, 632
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
92
Paul Sterry
Naturführer kompakt - Pilze, 1995
34
Pierre Roux
Mille et un champignons 2006
156
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
772, slika 222
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
1593
Roger Phillips
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
89
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
981
Umberto Nonis
500 Fungi D, 2001
273
Zlatko Ivec
GOBE 1, 2012
254
Zlatko Ivec
GOBE 1 žepna izdaja, 2012
254
Zlatko Ivec
eBook: Gobe 2, Pilze 2, Mushrooms 2, 2012
64
Details


Name: Birch Milkcap
Scientific name: Lactarius tabidus Fr. 1838
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 19.06.2015:
Lactarius mitissimus var. tabidus (Fr.) Quél. 1888
Lactarius subdulcis var. tabidus (Fr.) Quél. 1886
Lactarius tabidus f. obscurior A. Blytt 1905
Lactarius tabidus f. tabidus Fr. 1838
Lactarius tabidus var. obscurior (A. Blytt) Sacc. 1912
Lactarius tabidus var. tabidus Fr. 1838
Lactifluus tabidus (Fr.) Kuntze 1891
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Betula (Birch)d0d0d0 , Picea (Spruce)d1d1d1

Detailed description


Cap: 2-4,5 cm across, first hemispherical, later convex to plane, slightly umbonate, when young surface smooth, uneven, orange red, when moist shiny, orange brown, margin smooth little undulating.
Hymenophore: pale pink cream, broadly adnate, edges smooth.
Spore print: cream
Spore: weight elliptical with ornament, 5,8-7,7(8,3) x 5,1-5,8 (6,8) μm, with many solitary warts and ribs, which are only partially net-like connected.
Stem: 3-6 x 0,5-0,8 cm, cylindrical, little clavate, first full, later hollow, smooth surface, pale pink-brown, brighter on the upper side, white fibrillose.
Flesh: pale cream. Milk: white, later bright yellowish, mild and bitter.
Habitat: gregarious on wet or dump soil, grows from summer to fall.
Edibility: inedible

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