ATLAS GLJIVA i internacionalni rečnik narodnih imena gljiva
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
780, slika 226
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 2, 2008
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
2000 Pilze, 1996
Zlata Stropnik, Bogdan Tratnik, G. Seljak
Naše gobje bogastvo, 1988
Scientific name:Lactarius picinus Fr. 1838 Synonyms:Species Fungorum 19.06.2015: Lactarius azonites var. picinus (Fr.) Quél. 1888 Lactarius fuliginosus subsp. picinus (Fr.) Konrad & Maubl. 1927 Lactarius picinus var. americanus A.H. Sm. & Hesler 1962 Lactarius picinus var. maritimus A.H. Sm. & Hesler 1962 Lactarius picinus var. picinus Fr. 1838 Lactifluus picinus (Fr.) Kuntze 1891 Habit of Growth:
Mushroom is not protected Trees: Picea (Spruce)d0d0d0
Cap: 5-10 cm across, flatconvex, later flattened, with dented middle, velvety, dark black brown color, lighter on the margin, margin first inrolled, later smooth, sharp and serrated.
Hymenophore: first are lamellae white, later cream to light ocher, with red stains, broad, free, mostly forked.
Spore print: ocher
Spore: globose to subglobose, 6,8-9,1 x 6,7-8,5 μm, ornament, with solitary warts and ribs, which are morely net-like connected.
Stem: 5-9 x 1-2,5 cm, cylindrical, longitudinal wrinled, full, grey brown color, fibered, on base and on top lighter.
Flesh: white, after few seconds pink, odor uncharacteristic, taste first mild, later acrid.
Milk: white, reddish only if it is in contact with flesh, first mild, later acrid.
Habitat: usually grouped in conifer and mixed forests, by spruce, on fresh acidic soils. Rare, often only in mountain spruce forests, grows from summer to fall.