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With milk

Size

Less than 5 cm

Stem

Simple stem

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Inedible

Exikat:

Lactarius obscuratus (Lasch) Fr. 1838

Alder Milkcap

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Russulales
(808)
Family: Russulaceae
(643)
Genus: Lactarius
(196)


Subgenus: Rhysocybella
(12)
Section: Rhysocybella
(6)

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 4, 1983
1509
Didier Borgarino, Christian Hurtado
LE GUIDE DES CHAMPIGNONS en 900 photos et fiches
202
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
500
Ewald Gerhardt
Der grosse BLV Pilzführer für unterwegs, 2001
430
Fred Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 6, 2005
82
Guillaume Eyssartier, Pierre Roux
Le Guide des Champignons France et Europe
154
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
140
Jan Holec, Antonín Bielich, Miroslav Beran
PŘEHLED HUB STŘEDNÍ EVROPY 2012
298
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
333
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Velky atlas hub, 2005, 2010
354
M.T. Basso
Fungi Europaei 7 - Lactarius Persoon, 1999
61, 617, 622, 623, 788, 832
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
98
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
460
Pierre Roux
Mille et un champignons 2006
155
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
1607
Roger Phillips
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
90
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
992
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
415
Zlata Stropnik, Bogdan Tratnik, G. Seljak
Naše gobje bogastvo, 1988
423
Details


Name: Alder Milkcap
Scientific name: Lactarius obscuratus (Lasch) Fr. 1838
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 19.06.2015:
Agaricus obnubilus Lasch 1828
Agaricus obscuratus Lasch 1828
Lactarius cyathula f. japonicus Hongo 1971
Lactarius obnubilus (Lasch) Fr. 1874
Lactarius obnubilus var. crenatus Massee 1893
Lactarius obnubilus var. obnubilus (Lasch) Fr. 1874
Lactarius obscuratus f. japonicus (Hongo) Hongo 1998
Lactarius obscuratus f. obscuratus (Lasch) Fr. 1838
Lactarius obscuratus var. radiatus (J.E. Lange) Romagn. 1974
Lactarius obscuratus var. subalpinus Basso 1999
Lactarius radiatus J.E. Lange 1940
Show all ...
 

Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Alnus (Alder)

Detailed description


Cap: 0,5-3 cm across, first convex, later flattened, sometimes dented in the center, usually with a little bump in the middle, hygrophanous, in wet orange brownish, middle often darker
Hymenophore: first white to creamy, later orange red, broad, free.
Spore print: cream
Spore: subglobose to elliptic, 7-8,9 x 6-7 μm, ornament, with warts and ribs, which are morely net like connected.
Stem: 1,5-4 x 0,2-0,4 cm, cylindrical, hollow, almost same color as cup, on top whitened.
Flesh: cream to brownish, pleasant fruit odor, taste unplesant. Milk: white, first unchangeable, later yellowish, mild.
Habitat: usually in groups under alder, on moist, poor soils. Widespread, but not common. Summer-fall.
Edibility: inedible
Remarks: Lactarius obscuratus var. radiatus: cup is orange, spore print olive color.

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