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With milk

Size

Less than 5 cm

Stem

Simple stem

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Inedible

Exikat:

Lactarius hepaticus Plowr. 1905

Liver Milkcap

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Russulales
(808)
Family: Russulaceae
(643)
Genus: Lactarius
(196)


Subgenus: Russularia
(20)
Section: Russulares
(10)
Subsection: Lacunari
(4)

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Didier Borgarino, Christian Hurtado
LE GUIDE DES CHAMPIGNONS en 900 photos et fiches
200
Fred Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 6, 2005
68
Giuseppe Pace
Pilze Enzyklopädie, Gljive enciklopedija, 1998
206
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
142
Jan Holec, Antonín Bielich, Miroslav Beran
PŘEHLED HUB STŘEDNÍ EVROPY 2012
294
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
330
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Velky atlas hub, 2005, 2010
351
M.T. Basso
Fungi Europaei 7 - Lactarius Persoon, 1999
60, 524, 790
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
92
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
459
Paul Sterry
Naturführer kompakt - Pilze, 1995
34
Pierre Roux
Mille et un champignons 2006
144
Prof. dr. Jelena Vukojević, Ibrahim Hadžić
ATLAS GLJIVA i internacionalni rečnik narodnih imena gljiva
184
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
773, slika 222
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
1597
Roger Phillips
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
88
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
990
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
408
Details


Name: Liver Milkcap
Scientific name: Lactarius hepaticus Plowr. 1905
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 18.06.2015:
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Pinus (Pine)

Detailed description


Cap: 3-6 cm across, young flat convex, later flattened, in the center depressed, with a little hump, smooth to satiny surface, hygrophan, if wet red to chestnut brown and greasy, eif dry light ocher, margin smooth to slightly serrated.
Hymenophore: young white, later reddish brown, broad, somewaht decurrent, some forked.
Spore print: cream
Spore: subglobose to elliptic, 6,5-9 x 5,6-7,4 μm, ornament, with warts and ribs, which are net like connected.
Stem: 3-6 x 0,5-1 cm, cylindric, smooth surface, full, longitudinally veined, when young white frosted, red to winered, on top lighter.
Flesh: cream to light ocher, if cut after few minutes yellowish, odor uncharacteristic, taste acrid. Milk: white, after some minutes yellowisg, acrid, bitter.
Habitat: usually gregarious in coniferous and mixed forests with pine, and on base-poor, acidic soils. Not often. Summer-fall.
Edibility: inedible

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