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With milk


5 - 15 cm


Simple stem



Spore print

white, whitish, cream




Lactarius scoticus Berk. & Broome 1879

Hoary Milkcap


Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae

Order: Russulales
Family: Russulaceae
Genus: Lactarius

Subgenus: Piperites
Section: Piperites
Subsection: Piperites

Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
Fred Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 6, 2005
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
M.T. Basso
Fungi Europaei 7 - Lactarius Persoon, 1999
60, 385
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994

Name: Hoary Milkcap
Scientific name: Lactarius scoticus Berk. & Broome 1879
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 19.06.2015:
Lactarius pubescens var. scoticus (Berk. & Broome) Krieglst. 1991
Lactifluus scoticus (Berk. & Broome) Kuntze 1891
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Betula (Birch)d0d0d0

Detailed description

Cap: 2-6 cm across, young flatconvex with indented center, later infundibuliform, dull surface, wooly-velvety pressed, first cream white with ocker center, later ocher to orange brown stained, little sticky when wet, margin bent downward, when young slightly fringed.
Hymenophore: first cream white, later orange cream, broad, some decurrent, solitary forked.
Spore print: white
Spore: broad elliptic, 6,1-7,8 x 4,5-5,3 μm, ornament, with solitary warts and ribs, which are only sparsely net-like connected.
Stem: 1,5-4,5 x 0,3-1 cm, cylindrical, base often tapered, first full, later hollow, young surface pale cream and white veined, later with ocher to yellow stains.
Flesh: white, odor spicy, taste very acrid. Milk: white, later cream yellowish, acrid.
Habitat: gregarious in bogs, on damp wet places, among moss, by birch. Not common. Late summer-fall.
Edibility: inedible
Remarks: similar with Lactarius pubescens, which stem is much thicker.

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