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With milk

Size

5 - 15 cm

Stem

Simple stem

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Inedible

Exikat:

Lactarius alpinus Peck 1875

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Russulales
(808)
Family: Russulaceae
(643)
Genus: Lactarius
(196)


Subgenus: Russularia
(20)
Section: Colorati
(7)

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 4, 1983
1501
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
500
Fred Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 6, 2005
44
M.T. Basso
Fungi Europaei 7 - Lactarius Persoon, 1999
60, 459, 787
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
88
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
456
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
1570
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
413
Details


Scientific name: Lactarius alpinus Peck 1875
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 19.06.2015:
Lactarius alpinus var. alpinus Peck 1875
Lactarius alpinus var. mitis Hesler & A.H. Sm. 1979
Lactifluus alpinus (Peck) Kuntze 1891
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected

Detailed description


Cap: 1-4 cm across, young plane convex, sometimes with a small hump, latter flattened and dented in the center, first velvety surface, later fine grained, old scaly pressed, orange yellow to orange ocher, margin first incurved, later smooth and sharp serrated.
Hymenophore: young white, later pale orange ocker, broad, decurrent, some forked.
Spore print: white
Spore: subglobose to elliptic, 7,2-10 x 6,2-8,3 μm, ornament, from multiple warts and ribs, which are almost completely net like connected.
Stem: 1,5-4 x 0,4-0,8 cm, cylindrical, full, smooth surface, pale orange yellow, with white bands.
Flesh: pale cream, orange yellow under the cup skin, when fresh without odor, later fruity odor, acrid taste. Milk: white, doesn't change color, acrid.
Habitat: solitary to gregaroius by alder, montane to alpine. Rare. Summer-fall.
Edibility: inedible
Remarks: similar with Lactarius salicis-herbaceae, which growths on the alpine pastures, and has milk that changes in few minutes in violett color. Lactarius alpinus var. mitis: cup (3-6 cm), pale pink cinnamon, Stem (3-5 x 1-1,5 cm),
Spore: (7,5-9 x 6-7,5 μm)

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