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The cap and stalk

Size

Less than 5 cm

Stem

Simple stem

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Edible

Exikat:

Russula amoena Quél. 1881

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Russulales
(808)
Family: Russulaceae
(643)
Genus: Russula
(405)


Subgenus: Amoenula
(5)

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Anton Poler
Nabirajmo užitne gobe 2004
65
Anton Poler
Veselo po gobe 2002
119
Anton Poler
Gremo po gobe 1990
99
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 5, 1987
1950
Carlos García Monedero
El Género Russula en la Península Ibérica, 2011
142
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
477
Fred Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 6, 2005
132
Giuseppe Pace
Vse o gobah, 1979
212
Guillaume Eyssartier, Pierre Roux
Le Guide des Champignons France et Europe
180
Hans E. Laux
Pilzführer, 2001
406
Henri Romagnesi
LES RUSSULES D'EUROPE et d'Afrique du Nord, 1967
250
Ivan in Zora Kavčič
Raziskovanje gliv Posočja, 2011
235
Julius Schaeffer
Russula - monographie, 1979
80
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
313
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Velky atlas hub, 2005, 2010
334
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
58
Mauro Sarnari
Genere Russula in Europa, Tomo Primo, 1998
385
Mauro Sarnari
Genere RUSSULA in Europa, Tomo Secondo, 2005
1069
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
434
Pierre Roux
Mille et un champignons 2006
177
Prof. dr. Jelena Vukojević, Ibrahim Hadžić
ATLAS GLJIVA i internacionalni rečnik narodnih imena gljiva
300
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
714, slika 214
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
1416, 1447*
Riccardo Mazza
Funghi commestibili e velenosi a confronto, 2000
185
Roberto Galli
Le Russule, 1996
90
Romano Božac
Gljive, 1995
171
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 2, 2008
156
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
867, 869
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
391
Valentín Castańera Herrero, Alberto Pérez Puente, José Luis Alonso Alonso
SETAS Y HONGOS DE CANTABRIA, 2011
318
Details


Scientific name: Russula amoena Quél. 1881
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 20.06.2015:
Russula amoena f. acystidiata Romagn. 1985
Russula amoena f. amoena Quél. 1881
Russula amoena f. viridis Bon 1986
Russula amoena var. amoena Quél. 1881
Russula amoena var. intermedia J. Blum 1952
Russula gaminii (Dupain) Singer 1982
Russula punctata Gillet 1876
Russula punctata f. olivacea Maire 1910
Russula punctata f. punctata Krombh. 1845
Russula punctata var. gaminii (Dupain) Melzer & Zvára 1927
Russula punctata var. leucopus Cooke 1888
Show all ...
 

Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Betula (Birch)d0d0d0 , Castanea (Chestnut)d1d1 , Fagus (Beech)d2d2d2d2d2 , Quercus (Oak)d3d3

Detailed description


Cap: 2,5-7 cm across, young hemispherical, later convex to flattened, dented in the center, smooth, dull, first fine velvety, later often torned into small flakes, violet to wine or dark red, also with green tones, fading to to margin, margin first smooth, later slightly striate, cup skin peelable to the middle.
Hymenophore: first are lamellae white, later creamy, narrow adnate, some forked.
Spore print: cream, IIb-c
Spore: subglobose to elliptic, 6,1-8,4 x 5,3-7 μm, ornament, with warts which are morely net-like connected with narrow ribs.
Stem: 2,5-6 x 0,8-1,5 cm, cylindrical, full to hollow, fine longitudinally veined, white, on whole surface or only partially purple to pink tinged.
Flesh: white, odor herring-like, taste pleasant.
Habitat: gregarious in hardwood, rarely in coniferous forests, by chestnut, oak and beech, on dry, acidic soils, grows from summer to early fall.
Edibility: edible
Remarks: Chemical reactions on cup flesh: FeSO4 pale salmon pink, Guaiac- light green, Phenol- violet.

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