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Exikat:

Russula albonigra (Krombh.) Fr. 1874

Blackening Russula

Form

The cap and stalk

Size

5 - 15 cm

Stem

Simple stem

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Edible

Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Russulales
(808)
Family: Russulaceae
(643)
Genus: Russula
(405)


Subgenus: Compactae
(21)
Section: Compactae
(10)

Published in

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 2, 1996
638
Carlos García Monedero
El Género Russula en la Península Ibérica, 2011
64, 66
Didier Borgarino, Christian Hurtado
LE GUIDE DES CHAMPIGNONS en 900 photos et fiches
177
Edmund Garnweidner
Gljive - Džepni gljivački vodič, 1996
277*
Edmund Garnweidner
Pilze, 1985
277*
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
471
Ewald Gerhardt
Der grosse BLV Pilzführer für unterwegs, 2001
434
Fred Kränzlin
Pilze der Schweiz 6, 2005
128
Giuseppe Pace
Vse o gobah, 1979
206
Guillaume Eyssartier, Pierre Roux
Le Guide des Champignons France et Europe
164
Hans E. Laux
Pilzführer, 2001
394
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
148
Henri Romagnesi
LES RUSSULES D'EUROPE et d'Afrique du Nord, 1967
197, 199
Ivan in Zora Kavčič
Raziskovanje gliv Posočja, 2011
234
Jan Holec, Antonín Bielich, Miroslav Beran
PŘEHLED HUB STŘEDNÍ EVROPY 2012
254
Julius Schaeffer
Russula - monographie, 1979
63
Marcel Bon
Pareys Buch der Pilze 1988
54
Mauro Sarnari
Genere Russula in Europa, Tomo Primo, 1998
178
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
429
Pierre Roux
Mille et un champignons 2006
168
Prof. dr. Jelena Vukojević, Ibrahim Hadžić
ATLAS GLJIVA i internacionalni rečnik narodnih imena gljiva
299
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
1346
Roberto Galli
Le Russule, 1996
46
Roger Phillips
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
91
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 2, 2008
138
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
386
Valentín Castańera Herrero, Alberto Pérez Puente, José Luis Alonso Alonso
SETAS Y HONGOS DE CANTABRIA, 2011
303
Zlatko Ivec
eBook: Gobe 4, Pilze 4, Mushrooms 4, 2012
68
Details


Name: Blackening Russula
Scientific name: Russula albonigra (Krombh.) Fr. 1874
Common name: Integrated Russula
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 20.06.2015:
Agaricus alboniger Krombh. 1845
Russula adusta var. albonigra (Krombh.) Massee 1893
Russula albonigra f. albonigra (Krombh.) Fr. 1874
Russula albonigra f. pseudonigricans Romagn. 1962
Russula albonigra var. albonigra (Krombh.) Fr. 1874
Russula albonigra var. pseudonigricans (Romagn.) Bon 1988
Russula nigricans var. albonigra (Krombh.) Cooke & Quél. 1878
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Fagus (Beech)d0d0d0d0d0 , Pinus (Pine)

Detailed description


Cap: 7-12 cm across, flattened convex, later with a depression or saucer shaped, dirty white, very soon blackish brown to black, firm, slightly sticky, soon dry, somewhat thin-fleshed, three-quarters peeling, margin inrolled.
Hymenophore: young, white, later pale cream-colored, slightly decurrent, many forked cutting, edges black fluffy.
Spore print: white, Ia
Spore: subglobose to elliptic, 7-9,2 x 6-7,5 μm, with ornaments, projecting from numerous individual, sometimes elongated warts and ridges.
Stem: 3-6 x 1,5-3 cm, concolorous with cap, cylindrical, full-surface fine reticular varicose.
Flesh: white, granular or brittle, quickly blackening, taste mild to slightly hot, slightly bitter, in lamellae like menthol, odor mild. Guaiac positive. FeSO4 greenish blue. Formalin quick red.
Habitat: under conifers and broad-leaved trees, grows from august to october.
Edibility: edible.

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