ATLAS GLJIVA i internacionalni rečnik narodnih imena gljiva
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
Le Russule, 1996
Der grosse Kosmos - Naturführer PILZE 1998
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 2, 2008
2000 Pilze, 1996
Winecork Brittlegill Scientific name:Russula adusta (Pers.) Fr. 1838 Synonyms:Species Fungorum 20.06.2015: Agaricus adustus Pers. 1801 Agaricus nigricans Bull. 1785 Omphalia adusta (Pers.) Gray 1821 Omphalia adusta var. adusta (Pers.) Gray 1821 Russula adusta f. adusta (Pers.) Fr. 1838 Russula adusta f. gigantea Britzelm. 1895 Russula adusta f. rubens Romagn. 1943 Russula adusta var. adusta (Pers.) Fr. 1838 Russula adusta var. coerulescens Fr. 1863 Russula adusta var. sabulosa Bon 1986 Russula nigricans var. adusta (Pers.) Barbier 1907 Show all ... Shrink list ... Habit of Growth:
Mushroom is not protected Trees: Picea (Spruce)d0d0d0
, Pinus (Pine)
Cap: 5-17 cm across, first flatconvex, soon flattened, dented in the center, old infundibuliform, little wavy bent, smooth surface, in dry dull to fat, in wet shiny and greasy, first white, later grey to red brown, old olive to black brown, cup skin just little peelable, margin smooth and sharp.
Hymenophore: first are lamellae white, later black, broad adnate, some decurrent, only few forked.
Spore print: white, Ia
Spore: subglobose to elliptic, 7-9,1 x 5,2-6,6(7,5) μm, ornament, with numerous, some also elongated warts and ribs, which are morely net-like connected.
Stem: 4-11 x 1-3 cm, cylindric, often wrinkled from the base upward, full, smooth, with small bumps, first white, later brown black stained.
Flesh: white, after 1 hour light grey brown, later black, odor earthy, taste mild.
Habitat: solitary to gregarious in conifer and mixed forests, at spruce and pine, on dry to moist, acidic, nutrient-poor soils, grows from summer to fall.