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Exikat: M-00025-09-01-2014

Amanita phalloides var. alba Costantin & L.M. Dufour 1895


The cap and stalk


5 - 15 cm


With shell and ring



Spore print

white, whitish, cream


Deadly poisonous


Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae

Order: Agaricales
Family: Amanitaceae
Genus: Amanita

Published in

Amanita,Limacella & Torrendia - P. N.-S.P.
Fungi Europaei 9 - Amaniteae, 2004
567, 893, 894, 895
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005

Scientific name: Amanita phalloides var. alba Costantin & L.M. Dufour 1895
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 11.12.2015:
Amanita phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link 1833
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Quercus (Oak)d0d0

Detailed description

Cap: 6-16 cm across, whole mushroom arises from a sac-like Volva, which later opens, cup is first hemispherical convex, later flattened surface is oily, shiny and silky, young and moist mushrooms are also sticky, pure white, skin can be easily peeled off, margin is sharp and smooth.
Hymenophore: lamellae are white and tight.
Spore print: white
Spore: subglobose to broadly elliptic, 8-10,5 x 7-8 μm
Stem: 8-20 x 0,8-1,2 cm, cylindrical, base is bulbous and with membranous sac-like Volva, white, and little scaly, with a membranous ring.
Flesh: whitish, thick, in age is odor like ammonia, taste is like potato or honey.
Habitat: solitary or grouped in mixed hardwood forests, under oak, grows from august to november.
Edibility: deadly poisonous
Remarks: similar with Amanita verna, which is also deadly poisonous, cup is also white, but under the ring stem is completely smooth; also similar with some Agaricus, which never have sac-like Volva.

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