Cup mushrooms and similarly
Over 15 cm
white, whitish, cream
Name: Hen of the Woods
Scientific name: Grifola frondosa (Dicks.) Gray 1821
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 04.12.2013:
Agaricus frondosus (Dicks.) Schrank 1786
Boletus cristatus Gouan 1762
Boletus frondosus Dicks. 1785
Boletus frondosus Pers. 1800
Boletus frondosus Schrank 1789
Boletus intybaceus Baumg. 1790
Caloporus frondosus (Dicks.) Quél. 1888
Cladodendron frondosum (Dicks.) Lázaro Ibiza 1916
Cladomeris frondosa (Dicks.) Quél. 1886
Fungus squamatin-incumbens Paulet 1793
Grifola albicans Imazeki 1943
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Habit of Growth: Parasite
Protection: Mushroom is protected
Trees: Carpinus (Hornbeam) , Fagus (Beech) , Quercus (Oak)
Fruiting body: 20-50 x 5-10 cm, clustered, with spherical shape, from many individual caps, which grow from a short, central, morely branched, whitish to creamy stem, single cups are fan to shell shaped, side stalked, over surface is radially fibrillose, smooth, ocher to gray brown, under surface is porose, whitish to creamy.
Hymenophore: pores are squared to round, on stem decurrent.
Spore print: whitish
Spore: broadly eliptic, 5-7 x 3,9-4,9 μm
Flesh: white, soft, fibrous, if fresh the odor is pleasant fungoid, later if drying unpleasant like an old cheese, taste is mild.
Habitat: clustered at the base of living hardwood trunks, especially on oak, on stumps and roots, grows from summer to fall.
Remarks: similar with Dendropolyporus umbellatus, which is not fan shaped and not side stemed.