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Exikat:

Sarcoscypha austriaca (O. Beck ex Sacc.) Boud. 1907

Scarlet Elfcup

Form

Vase-shaped and similarly Ascomycetes

Size

Less than 5 cm

Stem

Other

Hymenophore

Ascomycetes

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Inedible

Group


Phylum: Ascomycota
(1243)
Class: Pezizomycetes
(480)
Subclass: Pezizomycetideae
(480)


Order: Pezizales
(479)
Family: Sarcoscyphaceae
(14)
Genus: Sarcoscypha
(6)

Published in

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
Ewald Gerhardt
Der grosse BLV Pilzführer für unterwegs, 2001
638
Helmut und Renate Grünert
Pilze Erkennen & bestimmen, 2001
180
Ivan Focht
Ključ za gljive, 1996
97
Jan Holec, Antonín Bielich, Miroslav Beran
PŘEHLED HUB STŘEDNÍ EVROPY 2012
108
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
291
Details


Name: Scarlet Elfcup
Scientific name: Sarcoscypha austriaca (O. Beck ex Sacc.) Boud. 1907
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 18.02.2014:
Lachnea austriaca (Beck) Sacc. 1889
Molliardiomyces coccineus Paden 1984
Peziza austriaca Beck ex Mussat 1900
Peziza imperialis Beck 1884
Sarcoscypha austriaca var. austriaca (O. Beck ex Sacc.) Boud. 1907
Sarcoscypha austriaca var. lutea Ruini & Ruedl 1999
Habit of Growth: Saprotroph
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Acer campestre (Field maple)d0d0 , Acer pseudoplatanus (Maple)d1d1d1 , Alnus (Alder) , Corylus (Hazel)d3d3d3 , Robinia pseudoacacia (Black locust)d4d4 , Salix (Willow)d5d5

Detailed description


Cap: 1-5 cm across, cup do disc shaped, also irregular, smooth, bright red hymenial -fertile inner surface, fading with age, and a felted outer surface, the outer -infertile surface is paler than the inside, sometimes pinkish, yellow orange, but often with an ocher tinge, otuside covered with curled parapyhsae which are in the form curly or corkscrew shaped, the edges of young cups are often slightly incurved.
Spore print: white
Spore: elliptic, 28,2-36 x 11,3-14,5 μm
Stem: 1-3,5 x 0,3-0,7 cm, often buried in moss or leaf litter, same color as the outer surface of the cup or somewhat paler.
Flesh: thin, whitish, rubbery with a thin red layer lining the cup, without odor and taste.
Habitat: on fallen hardwood twigs and branches, most often those that are partly buried in moss, grows from spring through to the end of winter, but most abundant in the colder months.
Edibility: inedible
Remarks: similar with Sarcoscypha coccinea, which has straightish (uncoiled) hairs on the outer surface of the cup and narrower spores.

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