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Exikat:

Tricholoma focale (Fr.) Ricken 1914

Booted Knight

Form

The cap and stalk

Size

5 - 15 cm

Stem

Simple stem

Hymenophore

Gills

Spore print

white, whitish, cream

Edibility

Poisonous

Tricholoma focale (Fr.) Ricken 1914 / Booted Knight
Group


Phylum: Basidiomycota
(7339)
Class: Agaricomycetes
(7229)
Subclass: Agaricomycetideae
(7229)


Order: Agaricales
(4675)
Family: Tricholomataceae
(576)
Genus: Tricholoma
(110)


Subgenus:
(89)
Section: Albobrunnea
(22)
Subsection: Caligata
(6)

Published in

Bibliography
AUTHOR
TITLE
PAGES
(Fr.) Staude - A. Riva 2003
Fungi Europaei 3 - Tricholoma, 2003
403,570,572
Andrej Piltaver
Zavarovane glive v Sloveniji, 1997
174
Bruno Cetto
I fungi dal vero vol. 2, 1996
600
Didier Borgarino, Christian Hurtado
LE GUIDE DES CHAMPIGNONS en 900 photos et fiches
260
Egon Horak
Röhrlinge und Blӓtterpilze in Europa, 2005
122
Ewald Gerhardt
Der grosse BLV Pilzführer für unterwegs, 2001
86
Ewald Gerhardt, Jordi Vila, Xavier Llimona
Hongos de Espana y de Europa, 2000
437
Giuseppe Pace
Pilze Enzyklopädie, Gljive enciklopedija, 1998
170
Guillaume Eyssartier, Pierre Roux
Le Guide des Champignons France et Europe
506
Hans E. Laux
Pilzführer, 2001
146
Henning Knudsen & Jan Vesterholt
Funga Nordica 2012
495
Jan Holec, Antonín Bielich, Miroslav Beran
PŘEHLED HUB STŘEDNÍ EVROPY 2012
386
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Houby, 1997
168
Ladislav Hagara, Vladimir Antonin, Jiri Baier
Velky atlas hub, 2005, 2010
198
Meinhard Moser
Kleine Kryptogamenflora Band IIb/2, 1978
116
Pierre Roux
Mille et un champignons 2006
376
R. Courtecuisse
Mushrooms of Britain & Europe, 1999
855
R. Courtecuisse & B. Duhem
Mushrooms & Toadstools of Britain & Europe, 1994
415
Roberto Galli
I Tricolomi, 1999
224
Romano Božac
Enciklopedija GLJIVA 1, 2005
492
Rose Marie Dähncke
1200 Pilze, 2001
226
Rudolf Winkler
2000 Pilze, 1996
117
Valentín Castańera Herrero, Alberto Pérez Puente, José Luis Alonso Alonso
SETAS Y HONGOS DE CANTABRIA, 2011
183
Details


Name: Booted Knight
Scientific name: Tricholoma focale (Fr.) Ricken 1914
Synonyms: Species Fungorum 12.11.2016:
Agaricus focalis Fr. 1838
Agaricus focalis var. focalis Fr. 1838
Armillaria caussetta Barla 1887
Armillaria focalis (Fr.) P. Karst. 1879
Armillaria focalis var. focalis (Fr.) P. Karst. 1879
Cortinarius focalis (Fr.) M.M. Moser 1975
Tricholoma focale var. caussetta (Barla) Bon 1976
Tricholoma focale var. focale (Fr.) Ricken 1914
Tricholoma focale var. pseudocaligatum Bon 1984
Tricholoma robustum f. focale (Fr.) Pilát 1951
Habit of Growth: Mycorrhiza
Protection: Mushroom is not protected
Trees: Pinus (Pine)

Detailed description


Cap: 5-12 cm across, first convex, later campanulate to expanded, with an indistinct umbo, red brown, covered with fibers or scales, old cracked, margin is young undulating.
Hymenophore: lamellae are white to white yellow, old and under pressure red brown, on stem notched.
Spore print: whitish
Spore: elliptic, 4-6,5 x 3-4 μm
Stem: 5-14 x 1-3 cm, cylindric, first pale, soon red brownish, on light underground with tight concetric scales, thickened ring zone, tip is sharply defined white zone.
Flesh: whitish, tight, odor is farinaceous cucumber like, taste is bitter.
Habitat: solitary to gregarious in coniferous or also broadleaved forests, on chalk soil, grows from august to november.
Edibility: poisonous

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